DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Thu, 24 Jan 2019

Pharmacological evidence of Corchorus trilocularis (L.) leaves in alloxan induced diabetic rats


R. L. Chaudhari.1*, M. A. Mahajan2, R. Y. Chaudhari2, J. O. Bhangale3

1. Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur, India

2. Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Tapi Valley Education Society’s, Hon’ble, Loksevak Madhukarrao Chaudhari College of Pharmacy, Faizpur, 425 503, Maharashtra, India.

3. Department of Pharmacology, Smt. N. M. Padalia Pharmacy College, Ahmedabad, 382210, Gujarat, India.



The present study was performed to validate floklore claims of leaves of Corchorus trilocularis using ethanol extract for its antihyperglyceamic activity in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Ethanolic extract of C. trilocularis (EtCT) and glyburide were administered orally in alloxan induced diabetic rats. In the acute study, the serum glucose level was estimated at 0, 2, 4, 6 and 24 h after drug administration. The subacute study involved repeated administration of the drugs for 28 days, a serum glucose level estimation at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days. In the OGTT, D-glucose (2.5 g/kg) was administered in diabetic rats half an hour after pre-treatment with EtCT and glyburide. Serum glucose levels were estimated 30 min prior to glucose administration and at 0, 30, 60 and 120 min after glucose loading. In EtCT (400 mg/kg), the onset was 4 h, the peak effect was 6 h but the effect waned at 24 h. In subacute study, repeated administration (once a day for 28 days) of the glyburide and EtCT caused a significant reduction in the serum glucose level as compared to the vehicle treated group. EtCT (400 mg/kg) treatment prevented a decrease in the body weight of the diabetic rats. In the OGTT, EtCT (400 mg/kg) increased the glucose threshold at 60 min after the administration of glucose. The EtCT (400 mg/kg) showed significant antihyperglyceamic activity than EtCT (100 and 200 mg/kg).It can be concluded that ethanolic extract of C. trilocularis has antihyperglyceaamic activity.

Keywords: Corchorus trilocularis, Alloxan, OGTT, Wistar rats

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