Psychological Grounds of Suicidal Ideation Amongst Adolescents and Youth and Methods for Its Avoidance: A Review
Akshaya Varghese1*, Neethu J3, Dilip Krishnan K2, Lal Prasanth ML2
1.B Pharm student, Dr. Moopen’s College of Pharmacy, Wayanad
2.HOD, Department of pharmacy practice, Dr. Moopen’s College of Pharmacy, Wayanad
3.Associate professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Dr. Moopen’s College of Pharmacy, Wayanad
Psychopharmacology is the study of substances that influences behavior or mental state. It is the combination of psychology and pharmacology. There are various psychological reasons that can influence a person’s mind and can lead them to suicidal ideation. Suicide is a fatal, self- injurious act with few evidence of motive to die. It is the deliberate killing of oneself. Youth and adolescence are the time of development in which children hatch out from their protective shell and begin to fly in the world of reality and dreams. They are the future of the world. But there are various factors which affect these individuals which are known as the risk factors. It can be due to their high expectations towards life or other factors. Such situations inevitably lead to some level of helplessness, insecurity, stress and a sense of loss of control. These can have a negative impact in their lives and can lead to suicidal ideation. So, initiatives should be taken to identify these youngsters and provide the support they need for defeating all these negative factors and rise them high in their lives. It can be done only with the help of their parents, teachers, friends and the society along with suicide preventing resources.
Keywords: Psychopharmacology, suicide, risk factors, protective factors, prevention